How to use the Digispark with micronucleus bootloader in the Arduino IDE

The Digispark USB development board is a compact board with the ATtiny85 AVR microcontroller. You can use it in the Arduino IDE by adding as an additional board support URL in File / Preferences next to Additional Boards Manager URLs.

After this, open the menu Tools / Board / Boards Manager... and install the package Digistump AVR Boards:


The Digispark is now supported, but the board support package installs an older version of the command-line tool micronucleus for the bootloader. This is incompatible with newer versions of the bootloader. If you've upgraded the micronucleus bootloader on your Digispark, you need to upgrade the command-line tool too.

So make a backup of the original file and copy the newer micronucleus binary that you installed earlier:

cd ~/.arduino15/packages/digistump/tools/micronucleus/2.0a4/
mv micronucleus micronucleus.original
cp /usr/local/bin/micronucleus .

Now you can flash your Arduino sketches to the device. Try it with one of the example sketches, such as the one in File / Examples / Digispark_Examples / Start. This has the following code that blinks the Digispark's LED:

// the setup routine runs once when you press reset:
void setup() {
  // initialize the digital pin as an output.
  pinMode(0, OUTPUT); //LED on Model B
  pinMode(1, OUTPUT); //LED on Model A  or Pro

// the loop routine runs over and over again forever:
void loop() {
  digitalWrite(0, HIGH);   // turn the LED on (HIGH is the voltage level)
  digitalWrite(1, HIGH);
  delay(1000);               // wait for a second
  digitalWrite(0, LOW);    // turn the LED off by making the voltage LOW
  digitalWrite(1, LOW);
  delay(1000);               // wait for a second

Then choose the board Digispark (Default - 16.5mhz) in the menu Tools / Board / Digistump AVR Boards and compile the code. If you click on the upload button after this, the Arduino IDE asks you to put the Digispark in a USB port. If all goes well, it uploads the firmware to your board with the newer version of the micronucleus command. And finally the LED on the board starts blinking.